George OrwellGeorge Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur BlairHe is one of the most admired English-language essayists of the twentieth century, and most famous for two novels critical of totalitarianism.Eric Blair was born on Motihari , India, in 1903In 1904 Orwell moved with his mother and sister to England.
He was educated at Eton College in England
His first writings Orwell published in college periodicals. During these years Orwell developed his antipathy towards the English class systems
Orwell’s parents were members of the Indian Civil Service, and, after the school, Orwell joined (1922) the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. Like his colleagues, Orwell had a native mistresses.
Eventually Orwell’s mounting dislike of imperial rule led to his resignation. “Shooting an elephant” (1950) is a collection of essays revealing the behaviour of the colonial officers.
Orwell returned to Europe and lived as a tramp and beggar, working low paid jobs in England and France (1928-29).
In “Down and out in Paris and London” (1933), Orwell wrote his experiences in poverty
In 1933 he assumed the pseudonym by which he would sign all his publications. Orwell was the name of a small river in East Anglia, and George was definitely a British Christian name.
In 1936 Orwell married Eileen O’Shaugnessy, a doctor’s daughter. From 1936 to 1940 Orwell worked as a shopkeeper in Wallington . “Keep the aspidistra flying” (1936) is the story of a young bookseller’s assistant.
Like many other writers, he travelled to Spain to report on the Civil War.
He was shot through the throat by a Francoist sniper’s bullet. When Stalinists on their own side started to hunt down Anarchists and his friends were thrown into prison, Orwell escaped with his wife Eileen Blair from the chaos.
In Orwell’s lifetime Homage to Catalonia sold only about fifty copies a year
Orwell opposed a war with Germany, but he condemned fascism. During World War II he served as a sergeant in the Home Guard and worked as a journalist for the BBC, Observer and Tribune, where he was literary editor from 1943 to 1945. Toward the end of the war, he wrote Animal Farm, which depicted the betrayal of a revolution.After the war, Orwell went to Germany as a reporter, but in his dispatches he sent to The Observer and The Manchester Evening News he did not mention the extermination camps or Auschwitz.After the war Orwell lived mostly on the remote island of Jura in the Western Isles of Scotland. With Eileen he had adopted a little boy. His wife died in 1945In 1949 Orwell married Sonia Brownell (1918-1980).Her marriage to Orwell lasted only three months.Orwell died from tuberculosis in London University Hospital on January 21, 1950, soon after the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four.
-Rebeca, did you like the book?
-In my opinion, it´s amazing.I loved it. It´s, in fact, one of my favourite books.
First, I read it at school but later, I´ve read twice.
-Why do you like so much?
– I like it so much because not it´s only a fiction book it´s an allegory in wich animals play the roles of the Bolshevik revolutions. At first, all animals are equal, but disparities start to emerge between the different species or classes.
I recommended everybody.
-Sandra, did you like the book?
-Not specially. For me, not is a bad book but neither a fantastic book.
-I think that it´s a bit child´s. I know that the message is a Stalin´s critic but the characters are too much lineal, too much stereotypic. For me it´s a superficial critic.
I think that’s a interested book but too much overestimate.
-Sara, did you like the book?
-Not is one of my favourite books but it´s really interesting. I my opinion, this book
it´s worth reading.
-First, because it´s an amusing book, everybody can read it. And second, because it´s an original way to explain how il power can change the people.
You work, I order. This sentence can resume this chapter . The pigs didn´t work but they directed and supervised the other´s work. The first utopia had been broken because “all animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others”.
The animals worked harder (Boxer, for example, was the admiration of everybody. He seemed more like three horses than one) but they were happy because they believed that they were more free.
One difference between the pigs and the others was the culture. The animals studied; almost every animal on the farm was literate in some degree. But while the pigs could read and write perfectly, none of the others animals on the farm could get further than the letters.
Finally, in this chapter, we recorded the seven commandments and the essential principle of Animalism: ” four legs good, two legs bad”. And we can discovered others two way to enslave.
The first can be resumed in “your puppies to me”. Napoleon took puppies away from their mothers. He said that he would make himself responsible for their education but, realty, he kept them in such exclusion and the rest of the farm soon forget their existence.
The second: the fear to enslave. The animals discovered that the milk was mixed everyday into the pigs´mash, only for them. When they protested, the pigs said that if they (the pigs) are weik, the awful Mr. Jones come back.