Relentless Rafael Nadal stays strong for ‘dream title’

Rafael Nadal became a true giant of tennis last night as he won the Wimbledon singles title for the first time with an extraordinary five-set victory over Roger Federer that lasted nearly five hours.

The Spaniard defeated the five-time champion 6-4, 6-4, 6-7, 6-7, 9-7 in the longest singles final in the history of the All England Club. The match finished at 9.15pm after rain interruptions and no one in the grounds could remember seeing anything like it.

Nadal became only the third man in history and the first since Bjorn Borg in 1980 to win the French Open and Wimbledon in succession and ended Federer’s chances of beating Borg’s record of five successive Wimbledon singles titles.

Federer, who called it his hardest loss by far, had hoped that Nadal might succumb to the pressure. “I thought maybe he was feeling it a lot, for the first time in his life,” the 26-year-old said, as he sought to be the first player since 1927 to win this grand title from two sets to love down. But his opponent would not hear of it.

Nadal had won the French Open for the fourth consecutive time a month earlier, having trounced Federer for the loss of only four games, and we wondered if he had done permanent damage to the world No 1’s psyche. When the 22-year-old strode to the first two sets, it appeared as if he might make humiliatingly short work of a player acknowledged as the finest grass-court practician in the world. But this is Federer’s fiefdom. Chasing his thirteenth grand-slam title, having not lost in 65 matches on the surface, he would not go down without a fight.

What a comeback he produced. When the rains came for the second time at 2-2 and deuce in the final set, we wondered whether we might have a resumption on Monday. That would have been a crushing blow after such a Sunday. It was, thankfully, not to be.

Nadal never gave up believing that he would become the first Spaniard since Manuel Santana, proudly perched in the front row of the Royal Box, to win this title. “I had won the first two sets, I was playing really well, I had all the time a positive attitude,” Nadal said. “It is amazing what has happened today, difficult to describe. When I was a kid I would dream about winning Wimbledon one day and now it has happened.

“It is the most emotional of my victories, but I don’t want to compare what is more important. In the final set I was just trying to focus on my serve. I had played two awful points in the fourth-set tie-break, two really awful points, but this is the Wimbledon final. You do not stop trying to win.”

Nadal has no time to luxuriate in history-making. He is on a plane at 9 this morning to play in the Mercedes Cup clay-court tournament in Stuttgart. The new champion is relentless.

(http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/tennis/article4282737.ece?token=1368601919)

Hladno pivo

Theatre of the Oppressed

Augusto Boal (photo 2) (born April 16, 1931 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is an innovative and influential theatrical director, writer and politician. He is the founder of Theatre of the Oppressed (T.O.), a political theatrical form originally used in radical popular education movements, along with Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Boal was elected as a Vereador (Brazilian equivalent of city council seat in US politics) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 but he was not re-elected in 1996. Boal was recently nominated for the 2008 Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Esta semana he tenido la oportunidad de conocerlo en la presentacion de la 13 edicion del Festival de Teatro Joven de Pula. A sus 77 anos, Boal sigue luchando para hacer del mundo un lugar mejor. Todo a traves del teatro. Con resignacion decia que no podemos cambiar el mundo pero que siempre podemos intentar mejorarlo, luchar para acortar la distancia piramidal de la riqueza, del poder: que cada vez la la gran base de la poblacion se acerque a la cuspide, recortar la diferencia entre ricos y pobres.

Boal hablaba de la importancia de educar en la inidividualidad, no enfocada en el egosimo sino en saber defenderse de la manipulacion, resaltando la riqueza de la singularidad de cada uno ,formar un nosotros que no absova al yo.

Dentro de este festival, este el grupo Jana Sanskriti (http://www.janasanskriti.org/) (foto1)

21 years ago, a group of dedicated people got together to try an experiment in utilising theatre as a method of social change. It was a propaganda theatre group in the beginning where actors were all from the distant remote villages. The idea of democratising theatre form took shape in their minds after their encounter with the work of Augusto Boal, the theatre theorist and practitioner who may be said to be the inventor of ‘Theatre of the Oppressed’. Being on the same boat as Paulo Friere (of ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’ fame), Boal has started off this whole theatre movement in various parts of the world, which envisages theatre as a powerful tool of change.

This method builds up a cultural movement that is based on humanism, which equips people to fight against the oppression faced by them in their daily lives. This movement strives to remove the culture of monologue (home between man and wife, father and children, at school between teacher and students; at work between employer and workers…) and establish a habit of dialogue. This is the first step towards democracy which empowers us. Jana Sanskriti came into being with a deep commitment towards building up of such a cultural movement.

Firm belief in the strength and efficacy of theatre as a tool not only of communication but also of empowerment has resulted in the formation of as many as 30 theatre teams active under the banner of Jana Sanskriti today. Each of these teams comprises men and women from agricultural worker families. Putting up theatre performances regularly in and around their villages on pressing current issues is the main agenda of these 30 teams.

Jana Sanskriti, through its interventions, seeks to stop the oppressed people from thinking that they are inferior, weak and incapable of analytical thought. They can become aware of their ability to plan constructive action and provide dynamic leadership in the process of development of human society, if the culture of monologue is broken and dialogue established at various levels in society. Jana Sanskriti believes that dialogue opens up space for rational thinking, prevents a human being from acting blindly and thereby empowers them.

Swami Vivekananda has referred to the incident of how a falling apple led Isaac Newton to discover the law of gravity. The falling apple, Swamiji said, was a proposal, which made Newton think. In the same way, Jana Sanskriti wants to set forth a proposal, so that people (the blind followers of the political parties and NGOS) in our villages are forced to think, and then act. This approach is very different, in fact diametrically opposite to that of political parties and NGOs, which encourages people to follow rather than think intellectually, rationally towards collective and individual development.

Augusto Boal has said “In all human being , all sensations arouse emotion. Equally the human being is a rational creature, it knows things it is capable of thinking, of understanding and of making mistakes.”

Primero, ellos nos mostraron como es la vida de una mujer en la India, antes y despues de casarse. A traves del baile, el teatro ( no es necesario conocer su dialecto para comprender la historia) presenciamos las desigualdades con las que vive la mujer, su sumision primero a su padre y luego al marido que le han adjudicado.

Luego, nos preguntan si estamos de acuerdo con esa cotidianeidad. Nos inivitan a salir al escenario, a colocarnos en el lugar de alguno de los personajes y proponer alguna alternativa.

Una vez mas, hablar es mas facil que actuar. Es facil proponer soluciones desde la vision occidental pero no lo es tanto aplicarlas a la realidad india.

El Teatro de los Oprimidos es una oportunidad para caminar con los zapatos del otro, para intercambiar ideas, para reflexionar…

La desintegracion de Yugoslavia

Con la independencia de Kosovo, cuyo Parlamento ha sido convocado para declarar unilateralmente la independencia de Serbia, concluye un episodio más del proceso de desintegración de la antigua Yugoslavia, tras la secesión de Eslovenia, Croacia, Bosnia, Macedonia y Montenegro.

Antes de la unión de los diversos pueblos balcánicos tras la Primera Guerra Mundial, la región sufrió numerosas guerras bajo la dirección de las grandes potencias europeas, como la acaecida entre 1912 y 1913.

  • 1918: tras la Primera Guerra Mundial nace el Reino de los Serbios, Croatas y Eslovenos, con el serbio Petar I Karadjordjevic como rey.
  • 1929: el Reino pasa a llamarse Yugoslavia.
  • 1945: abolida la monarquía por el régimen comunista de Josip Broz ‘Tito’, y sustituida por el Estado federativo de seis repúblicas (Eslovenia, Croacia, Bosnia, Serbia, Montenegro y Macedonia).
  • 1980: muere Tito, presidente vitalicio de Yugoslavia. Una presidencia colectiva de ocho miembros asume el poder.
  • 1990: disuelto el Gobierno y el Parlamento autonómico de Kosovo, abolida la autonomía.
  • Marzo de 1991: Los serbios de la región croata de la Krajina declaran su separación de Croacia tras tensiones en esa república.-Junio y julio: Eslovenia y Croacia declaran su independencia. El Ejército federal yugoslavo se retira de Eslovenia tras una corta guerra. Comienzan los enfrentamientos en Croacia.
  • Enero de 1992: Macedonia declara su independencia.-Febrero/marzo/abril: El 63% de los bosnios vota a favor de la secesión y se declara la independencia de Bosnia. Los serbios proclaman la ‘República serbia de Bosnia’. Empieza la guerra en Bosnia. En Belgrado proclaman la República Federal de Yugoslava que engloba a Montenegro y Serbia.
  • Julio de 1995: tropas serbobosnias toman Srebrenica, unos 8.000 varones musulmanes son asesinados en ese enclave oriental declarado por las Naciones Unidas como ‘zona protegida’.-Agosto: Croacia recupera la Krajina en la “Operación Tormenta”. Se produce un éxodo de 200.000 serbios. La OTAN comienza a bombardear objetivos serbios en Bosnia.

    -Noviembre: Serbia, Croacia y Bosnia firman el acuerdo de Dayton (EEUU) para poner fin a la guerra bosnia.

    -Diciembre: la OTAN despliega a 60.000 soldados en Bosnia y 5.000 cascos azules de la ONU lo hacen en Eslavonia (Croacia).

  • 1996: en Kosovo surge la organización separatista armada albano-kosovar denominada Ejército de Liberación de Kosovo (UCK).
  • Febrero de 1998: comienza el conflicto entre el UCK y las fuerzas de seguridad de Serbia.-Octubre: el presidente serbio Slobodan Milosevic firma un acuerdo de pacificación de Kosovo tras la mediación de EEUU. La OTAN suspende sus amenazas de bombardear Yugoslavia.
  • Marzo de 1999: tras rechazar Milosevic el despliegue de tropas aliadas en Kosovo, la OTAN lanza ataques aéreos contra Serbia.-Mayo: el Tribunal Penal Internacional para la antigua Yugoslavia acusa a Milosevic de crímenes de guerra en Kosovo.

    -Junio: con la resolución 1.244 del Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU Serbia se retira de Kosovo y se establece una administración interina de la ONU hasta una decisión final sobre el estatus.

  • 2000: Milosevic pierde las elecciones presidenciales ante el candidato reformista Vojislav Kostunica. La Corte Constitucional ordena repetir la primera vuelta de los comicios. Se declara una huelga general, una multitud asalta el Parlamento y las fuerzas de seguridad se suman a los manifestantes. Milosevic dimite.
  • 2001: Milosevic es detenido acusado de corrupción y abuso de poder, y es entregado al TPIY, acusado de crímenes de guerra.
  • 2003: Serbia y Montenegro forman una unión estatal de pocas competencias comunes, con la intención de aplacar las exigencias independentistas montenegrinas.
  • 2006: Milosevic muere en La Haya, en detención. Montenegro vota en un referéndum a favor de su separación de Serbia y en junio declara la independencia.
  • 2007: La ONU y el Grupo de Contacto para Kosovo reconocen que las negociaciones sobre el estatus de Kosovo no tuvieron éxito. El ex guerrillero Hashim Thaçi gana las elecciones legislativas y es proclamado primer ministro de Kosovo.

(El Mundo)

Rovinj

 Jules Verne, the father of science fiction, in search of unique places for his novels, chose Rovinj as a setting for some chapters of his novel ‘Mathias Sandorf’. Just as he was, many a writer has through centuries equallv been enchanted by Rovinj and its beauties. As a matter of fact, many records written in the past centuries could be read as little guide books.

Dobar dan!

Ciao prijatelji, Kako si? Jo dobro. Pula je lijepa grada i ja ucim hrvastki i ja radit cu in Radio Giardini (in hrvatski!!)

Vidimo se. Pusa.

Press freedom

I´m going to speak about the world press freedom-

In the last year 95 journalist killed, 127 in prison and 875 was arrested.

To remember the importance the press freedom, each 3 o May is celebrated the World Press Freedom Day.

The World Press Freedom Day started in a african journalist meeting in 1991, in Namibia. In this meeting was established the conditions to the

the press freedom, pluralism and independenc of the african mass media.

These year, in October, to recognize this effort, the UNESCO established the day of 3 of May World Press Freedom Day

This year, the Wold Newspaper Association (wan) dedicate his effort in freedm press in China..

Since the Games were awarded, media restrictions ordered by the government and the Communist Party have grown.

Censors still issue day-to-day “guidance” on exactly what can be reported in print, on the air, and on the Internet in all its manifestations—Web sites, blogs, message boards.

Timothy Balding, director Wold Newspaper Association ,said that over 30 journalists and 50 cíber disidentes are in jail in China, for that, this is the country more journalist jairler in the world

Unless things change, and soon, reporters who venture beyond the Olympic Village should be prepared to work in an environment where official interference and detentions of journalists are common and sources are at risk.

Now I would speak about of some famous mourder journalist

ANNA Politkovskaya made her name reporting from lawless Chechnya, where many journalists and humanitarian workers have been kidnapped or killed.

She was arrested and subjected to mock execution by Russian military forces there, and she was poisoned on the way to Beslan, but survived and continued her reporting.

She authored several books about Chechen wars as well as Putin´s Russia and received numerous prestigious international awards for her work.

She was shot dead in the elevator of her apartment building two years ago.

But we can speak about Spaniards, too.

In the last years there are two famous cases:

On 8 april 2003, José Couso, a cameraman for the Spanish television station Telecinco, died after a U.S. tank fired a shell at Baghdad’s Palestine Hotel, , where most journalists in the city were based during the war

In one hour they attacked Al yazzera, Abu dhabi tv and the Palestina Hotel, that is, all the press that the Pentagono did´tn control.

His family want that the court recognize that was a war crim.

Finally, I would like to speak about José Luis López de la Calle.

On 7 May 2000, José Luis López de la Calle, of El Mundo, was gunned down in a hail of bullets

José Luis López de Lacalle, 62, was shot four times in the head and stomach on May 7 in the Basque town of Andoain as he hurried home through the rain, covering his head with the Sunday newspapers. López de Lacalle, a retired attorney who was jailed for his leftist activities during the Franco dictatorship, wrote for the Basque edition of El Mundo.

In his columns, he accused the ETA of using the same kind of terror tactics employed by Franco. Despite death threats and the fire bombing of his home in February, he had refused a bodyguard.

Editors at several papers in Madrid and the Basque capital of San Sebastián were sent letter bombs or received bomb threats.

The purpose of the attacks is to stop critical reporting on the ETA.

The power of freedom press is the reason which Napoleon said that he rather to control of newspaper than the armoured in fight.